Women Printers

To celebrate International Women’s Day 2016 on the blog, we are showcasing the work of female printers of the 17th century in the Pepys Library.

In early modern England, the printing industry was not altogether a male preserve: between 1550 and 1650, it is estimated that 130 women in Britain were working actively in the printing trade. It was common for women printers to work alongside men in the printing houses of convents or with family members and spouses, and it was usual for them to marry within the trade. Amongst the books in Magdalene’s historic libraries, one can find the names of women printers on the imprints of title pages.  Some are referred to by their marital status, such as ‘Widow Sayle’ ‘Widow of J. Blageart’ and the ‘widowe of Richarde Iugge’, others, by their full names such as Alice Norton, Elizabeth Purslowe, Mary Clark and Hannah Allen.

It is not coincidental that many female printers were described as widows on the printed title pages. As widows, women had the opportunity to control their own businesses and print books themselves, using their previous experience gained by working alongside their husbands. They usually took their husbands’ printer’s mark.

Here are a few examples of books printed by women in the Pepys Library:

 

Purslowwm

PL 2476: Stow, John: The Survey of London.. London: printed by Elizabeth Purslovv, and are to be sold by Nicholas Bourne, at his shop at the south entrance of the Royall Exchange, 1633.

Elizabeth Purslowe was particularly prolific in the trade. She ran her printing house for fourteen years in the early 17th century and published over 160 books.

 

blageartwm

PL 916: Baronio, Cesare: The life or the ecclesiasticall historie of S. Thomas Archbishope of Canterbury.  Colloniae [i.e. Paris: printed by the widow of J. Blageart], M.DC.XXXIX [1639].

The practice of women running printing houses was also apparent in Europe. Some were involved in the production of Catholic texts on the continent for clandestine distribution in Britain, such as Francoise Blageart, who worked in France. As was common in these kinds of texts, the imprint is false: it was in fact printed by Blageart in Paris.

 

Iuggewm

PL 1077(2): Cortés, Martin: The arte of nauigation… [Imprinted at London: By the widowe of Richard Iugge, late printer to the Queenes Maiestie, 1584].

A notable early-modern book to be printed by a woman is the 1584 edition of ‘The Arte of Nauigation’ by Martin Cortés and translated by Richard Eden, printed ‘by Iohan Iugge Wydowe’. Sir Francis Drake also owned a copy of this book, and used it to help him navigate around the world. Helen Smith writes of this publication:

The book is an elaborate production, with a decorative title-page and numerous diagrams, tables, and illustrations, including a fold-out map and volvelles. The material page is pushed to its limits in order to encompass the technologies of global exploration.

By Catherine Sutherland

Deputy Librarian, Pepys Library and Special Collections

Bibliography

Driver, Martha W. ‘Women Printers and the Page, 1477-1541’ Gutenberg-Jahrbuch vol. 73, 1998

Smith, H.: ‘Print[ing] your royal father off’ Early Modern Female Stationers and the Gendering of the British Book Trades’ in Hill, W.S. and Schillingsburg, P.L. (eds) Text: an interdisciplinary annual of Textual studies vol. 15. University of Michigan Press, 2002.

Smith, H. : ‘Grossly material things’: women and book production in early modern England. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.

4 thoughts on “Women Printers

  1. Pingback: Whewell’s Gazette: Year2, Vol. #35 | Whewell's Ghost

  2. Reblogged this on Press Genepy and commented:
    There’s plenty of evidence of women in the printing business in the 17th Century. However, it’s unclear whether they were actually working in the printing house, or what we might today term ‘publishers’. Illicit printers such as Joan Darby had their pamphlets printed in the low Countries and then smuggled in. Moxon tells us that one of the ‘rules of the chapel’ was a no-women rule. However, in the Civil War years, is it impossible to imagine that radical women might have worked alongside their male fellows in the struggle? I’d love to know.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s